SSL for Python (M2Crypto) on Windows

M2Crypto is the most versatile and popular SSL library for Python. Naturally, it takes a predictable amount of burden getting it to work under Windows.

If you’re lucky, you can find a precompiled binary online, and circumvent the heartache. Though many pages have come and gone, here is one that works, courtesy of the grr project: M2Crypto.

Not only do they provide a [non-trivial] set of instructions on how to build the binaries yourself, but they present binaries, as well. Though the binaries are hosted on Google Code (and unlikely to go away), I’ve hosted them, too, for brevity:

M2CryptoWindows

Note that these binaries, as given, are not installable Python packages. I have produced and published two such packages to PyPI, for your convenience:

M2CryptoWin32
M2CryptoWin64

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Parsing P12 Certificates from Python

When it comes to working with certificates in Python, no one package has all of the answers. Without considering more advanced schemes (ECC), most of the key and certificate functionality will be in one of the following packages:

In general, ssl can handle SSL sockets and HTTPS connections, M2Crypto can handle RSA/DSA keys and certificates, and pyopenssl can handle P12 certificates. There is some role overlap:

  • pyopenssl and M2Crypto both do X509 certificate deconstruction
  • ssl does PEM/DER conversions

Since the reason that I’m doing this post is because of the obscureness of reading P12 certificates in Python, here’s an example of doing so:

from OpenSSL.crypto import load_pkcs12, FILETYPE_PEM, FILETYPE_ASN1

with open('cert.p12', 'rb') as f:
  c = f.read()

p = load_pkcs12(c, 'passphrase')

certificate = p.get_certificate()
private_key = p.get_privatekey()

# Where type is FILETYPE_PEM or FILETYPE_ASN1 (for DER).
type_ = FILETYPE_PEM

OpenSSL.crypto.dump_privatekey(type_, private_key)
OpenSSL.crypto.dump_certificate(type_, certificate)

# Get CSR fields (as a list of 2-tuples).
fields = certificate.get_subject().get_components()
print(fields)