TFS 2015 Database Structure Investigation

A TFS 2015 build agent maintains a list of directories where builds occur. Each of these directories is assigned a monotonically-incrementing number and has three children: “s” (“source” directory where your files are, usually, automatically checked-out for you), “b” (“binaries” directory where you can choose to stash files that aren’t automatically cleaned-up), and “a” (“artifact-staging” directory where you push files/directories that will be published). Each agent assigns its own IDs for each build definition.

I sought to figure out 1) how to lookup the mapping between the build-definitions and these agent-ID pairs, and 2) how to lookup the paths when you publish a build to be stored by the TFS server (rather than a fileshare). Every so often I wander into the TFS database to chip away at its elusive topology. I’ll briefly document my observations here for the benefit of myself and others. I’ll add on new information as I might encounter it in the future. I’m only currently concerned with build-definitions but any information that can be provided for release-definitions would also be welcomes.

There is a main database (e.g. “Tfs_Configuration”) and subordinate collection-specific database (e.e. “Tfs_DefaultCollection”).

[Build].[tbl_Build]

Information on individual builds including build numbers (e.g. 20160512.1) and “definition ID”.

SELECT looks like:

SELECT TOP 1000 [PartitionId]
,[DataspaceId]
,[BuildId]
,[DefinitionId]
,[DefinitionVersion]
,[BuildNumber]
,[BuildNumberRevision]
,[RepositoryId]
,[BranchId]
,[SourceVersion]
,[Parameters]
,[Status]
,[QueueId]
,[QueueTime]
,[Priority]
,[StartTime]
,[FinishTime]
,[Reason]
,[Result]
,[RequestedFor]
,[RequestedBy]
,[ChangedOn]
,[ChangedBy]
,[OrchestrationId]
,[Deleted]
,[ValidationIssues]
,[QueueOptions]
,[KeepForever]
,[ChangesCalculated]
,[DeletedOn]
FROM [Tfs_DefaultCollection].[Build].[tbl_Build]

Record looks like:

PartitionId DataspaceId BuildId DefinitionId    DefinitionVersion   BuildNumber BuildNumberRevision RepositoryId    BranchId    SourceVersion   Parameters  Status  QueueId QueueTime   Priority    StartTime   FinishTime  Reason  Result  RequestedFor    RequestedBy ChangedOn   ChangedBy   OrchestrationId Deleted ValidationIssues    QueueOptions    KeepForever ChangesCalculated   DeletedOn

1   22  168 1   58  20160701.1  1   1   2   C31 {"system.debug":"false","BuildConfiguration":"release","BuildPlatform":"any cpu"}   2   1   2016-07-01 16:11:01.2247845 3   2016-07-01 16:11:03.5025120 2016-07-01 16:11:23.2632483 1   2   FD456772-708D-496C-9259-32596770CD73    FD456772-708D-496C-9259-32596770CD73    2016-07-01 16:11:23.450 02442124-655A-49B2-A6FB-20269EDEBEF6    E6ABEC05-179C-4406-91CB-E96B9B6CFD7C    0   NULL    NULL    0   1   NULL

[Build].[tbl_Definition]

Describes individual build-definitions, presumably. Includes “definition ID”, “definition version” (probably a pointer to the head version), “definition name”.

SELECT looks like:

SELECT TOP 1000 [PartitionId]
      ,[DataspaceId]
      ,[DefinitionId]
      ,[DefinitionVersion]
      ,[DefinitionName]
      ,[Quality]
      ,[QueueId]
      ,[QueueStatus]
      ,[RepositoryId]
      ,[DefaultBranchId]
      ,[TriggerTypes]
      ,[Description]
      ,[BuildNumberFormat]
      ,[JobAuthorizationScope]
      ,[JobTimeout]
      ,[Comment]
      ,[Author]
      ,[CreatedOn]
      ,[ParentDefinitionId]
      ,[Options]
      ,[Repository]
      ,[Triggers]
      ,[Steps]
      ,[Variables]
      ,[Demands]
      ,[RetentionPolicy]
      ,[BadgeEnabled]
      ,[Deleted]
  FROM [Tfs_DefaultCollection].[Build].[tbl_Definition]

Record looks like:

PartitionId DataspaceId DefinitionId    DefinitionVersion   DefinitionName  Quality QueueId QueueStatus RepositoryId    DefaultBranchId TriggerTypes    Description BuildNumberFormat   JobAuthorizationScope   JobTimeout  Comment Author  CreatedOn   ParentDefinitionId  Options Repository  Triggers    Steps   Variables   Demands RetentionPolicy BadgeEnabled    Deleted

1   22  1   58  ConsoleProject.Dev  1   1   0   1   1   1   NULL    $(date:yyyyMMdd)$(rev:.r)   1   60  Added publish-to-server step.   FD456772-708D-496C-9259-32596770CD73    2016-07-01 16:10:57.070 NULL    [{"enabled":false,"definition":{"id":"7c555368-ca64-4199-add6-9ebaf0b0137d"},"inputs":{"multipliers":"[]","parallel":"false","continueOnError":"true","additionalFields":"{}"}},{"enabled":false,"definition":{"id":"a9db38f9-9fdc-478c-b0f9-464221e58316"},"inputs":{"workItemType":"1","assignToRequestor":"true","additionalFields":"{}"}},{"enabled":false,"definition":{"id":"57578776-4c22-4526-aeb0-86b6da17ee9c"},"inputs":{"additionalFields":"{}"}}]    {"properties":{"labelSources":"0","tfvcMapping":"{\"mappings\":[{\"serverPath\":\"$/d67f9d95-2f6c-43f0-aa2f-6f7804fde7db\",\"mappingType\":\"map\",\"localPath\":\"\\\\\"},{\"serverPath\":\"$/d67f9d95-2f6c-43f0-aa2f-6f7804fde7db/Drops\",\"mappingType\":\"cloak\",\"localPath\":\"\\\\\"}]}"},"id":"$/","type":"TfsVersionControl","name":"d67f9d95-2f6c-43f0-aa2f-6f7804fde7db","url":"http://dustin-pc:8181/tfs/DefaultCollection/","defaultBranch":"$/d67f9d95-2f6c-43f0-aa2f-6f7804fde7db","rootFolder":"$/d67f9d95-2f6c-43f0-aa2f-6f7804fde7db","clean":"false","checkoutSubmodules":false}  NULL    [{"enabled":true,"continueOnError":false,"alwaysRun":false,"displayName":"Build solution $/TestProject/TestConsoleApplication.sln","task":{"id":"71a9a2d3-a98a-4caa-96ab-affca411ecda","versionSpec":"*"},"inputs":{"solution":"$/d67f9d95-2f6c-43f0-aa2f-6f7804fde7db/TestConsoleApplication.sln","msbuildArgs":"/target:publish /p:ApplicationVersion=1.0.2.2 /p:InstallUrl=\\\\localhost\\clickonce\\consoletestfrombuild\\ /p:UpdateUrl=\\\\localhost\\clickonce\\consoletestfrombuild\\ /p:PublishUrl=\\\\localhost\\clickonce\\consoletestfrombuild\\ /p:UpdateEnabled=true /p:UpdateMode=Foreground /p:ProductName=TestConsoleApplication /p:IsWebBootstrapper=false","platform":"$(BuildPlatform)","configuration":"$(BuildConfiguration)","clean":"true","restoreNugetPackages":"true","vsVersion":"14.0","msbuildArchitecture":"x86","logProjectEvents":"true"}},{"enabled":true,"continueOnError":false,"alwaysRun":false,"displayName":"Build solution $/TestProject/TestDatabase.sln","task":{"id":"71a9a2d3-a98a-4caa-96ab-affca411ecda","versionSpec":"*"},"inputs":{"solution":"$/d67f9d95-2f6c-43f0-aa2f-6f7804fde7db/TestDatabase.sln","msbuildArgs":"","platform":"$(BuildPlatform)","configuration":"$(BuildConfiguration)","clean":"true","restoreNugetPackages":"true","vsVersion":"14.0","msbuildArchitecture":"x86","logProjectEvents":"true"}},{"enabled":false,"continueOnError":false,"alwaysRun":false,"displayName":"Run script $/TestProject/TestScripts/TestEcho.cmd","task":{"id":"bfc8bf76-e7ac-4a8c-9a55-a944a9f632fd","versionSpec":"*"},"inputs":{"filename":"$/d67f9d95-2f6c-43f0-aa2f-6f7804fde7db/TestScripts/TestEcho.cmd","arguments":"","modifyEnvironment":"false","workingFolder":"","failOnStandardError":"false"}},{"enabled":true,"continueOnError":false,"alwaysRun":false,"displayName":"Copy Files to: $(Build.ArtifactStagingDirectory)","task":{"id":"5bfb729a-a7c8-4a78-a7c3-8d717bb7c13c","versionSpec":"*"},"inputs":{"SourceFolder":"$(Build.SourcesDirectory)\\TestConsoleApplication\\bin\\Release","Contents":"**\\*","TargetFolder":"$(Build.ArtifactStagingDirectory)","CleanTargetFolder":"true","OverWrite":"false"}},{"enabled":true,"continueOnError":false,"alwaysRun":false,"displayName":"Copy Files to: $(Build.ArtifactStagingDirectory)\\deployment\\Release\\Utility","task":{"id":"5bfb729a-a7c8-4a78-a7c3-8d717bb7c13c","versionSpec":"*"},"inputs":{"SourceFolder":"$(Build.SourcesDirectory)\\Release\\Utility","Contents":"**\\*","TargetFolder":"$(Build.ArtifactStagingDirectory)\\deployment\\Release\\Utility","CleanTargetFolder":"false","OverWrite":"false"}},{"enabled":true,"continueOnError":false,"alwaysRun":false,"displayName":"Copy Files to: $(Build.ArtifactStagingDirectory)/TestDatabase1","task":{"id":"5bfb729a-a7c8-4a78-a7c3-8d717bb7c13c","versionSpec":"*"},"inputs":{"SourceFolder":"$(Build.SourcesDirectory)\\TestDatabase1\\bin\\Release","Contents":"TestDatabase1.dacpac","TargetFolder":"$(Build.ArtifactStagingDirectory)/TestDatabase1","CleanTargetFolder":"false","OverWrite":"false"}},{"enabled":false,"continueOnError":false,"alwaysRun":false,"displayName":"Publish Artifact: drop","task":{"id":"2ff763a7-ce83-4e1f-bc89-0ae63477cebe","versionSpec":"*"},"inputs":{"PathtoPublish":"$(build.artifactstagingdirectory)","ArtifactName":"drop","ArtifactType":"FilePath","TargetPath":"\\\\localhost\\build_publish\\$(Build.DefinitionName)\\$(Build.BuildNumber)"}},{"enabled":true,"continueOnError":false,"alwaysRun":false,"displayName":"Publish Artifact: Published_$(Build.BuildNumber)","task":{"id":"2ff763a7-ce83-4e1f-bc89-0ae63477cebe","versionSpec":"*"},"inputs":{"PathtoPublish":"$(build.artifactstagingdirectory)","ArtifactName":"Published_$(Build.BuildNumber)","ArtifactType":"Container","TargetPath":"\\\\my\\share\\$(Build.DefinitionName)\\$(Build.BuildNumber)"}}]  {"system.debug":{"value":"false","allowOverride":true},"BuildConfiguration":{"value":"release","allowOverride":true},"BuildPlatform":{"value":"any cpu","allowOverride":true},"DUSTINPASSWORD":{"value":null,"allowOverride":true,"isSecret":true}} NULL    [{"branches":["+refs/heads/*"],"artifacts":["build.SourceLabel"],"daysToKeep":10,"minimumToKeep":1,"deleteBuildRecord":true,"deleteTestResults":true}]  0   0

[Build].[tbl_DefinitionHistory]

Describes the history of changes to the definition. Includes “definition ID”, “definition version”, “definition name”, and several JSON blocks.

Note that the record I provided is the most recent available (in my local sandbox environment). Though I had just made a change to a definition, it was, curiously, not represented in this table (though many other, previous, changes ones were).

SELECT looks like:

SELECT TOP 1000 [PartitionId]
      ,[DataspaceId]
      ,[DefinitionId]
      ,[DefinitionVersion]
      ,[DefinitionName]
      ,[QueueId]
      ,[QueueStatus]
      ,[RepositoryId]
      ,[DefaultBranchId]
      ,[Description]
      ,[BuildNumberFormat]
      ,[JobAuthorizationScope]
      ,[JobTimeout]
      ,[Comment]
      ,[Author]
      ,[CreatedOn]
      ,[Options]
      ,[Repository]
      ,[Triggers]
      ,[Steps]
      ,[Variables]
      ,[Demands]
      ,[RetentionPolicy]
      ,[BadgeEnabled]
      ,[Deleted]
  FROM [Tfs_DefaultCollection].[Build].[tbl_DefinitionHistory]

Record looks like:

PartitionId DataspaceId DefinitionId    DefinitionVersion   DefinitionName  QueueId QueueStatus RepositoryId    DefaultBranchId Description BuildNumberFormat   JobAuthorizationScope   JobTimeout  Comment Author  CreatedOn   Options Repository  Triggers    Steps   Variables   Demands RetentionPolicy BadgeEnabled    Deleted

1   32  12  18  PWC Audit360 Simulation Build   1   0   2   9   NULL    $(date:yyyyMMdd)$(rev:.r)   1   60  NULL    FD456772-708D-496C-9259-32596770CD73    2016-05-27 18:45:03.117 [{"enabled":false,"definition":{"id":"7c555368-ca64-4199-add6-9ebaf0b0137d"},"inputs":{"multipliers":"[]","parallel":"false","continueOnError":"true","additionalFields":"{}"}},{"enabled":false,"definition":{"id":"a9db38f9-9fdc-478c-b0f9-464221e58316"},"inputs":{"workItemType":"16","assignToRequestor":"true","additionalFields":"{}"}},{"enabled":false,"definition":{"id":"57578776-4c22-4526-aeb0-86b6da17ee9c"},"inputs":{"additionalFields":"{}"}}]   {"properties":{"labelSources":"0","tfvcMapping":"{\"mappings\":[{\"serverPath\":\"$/d0942daa-ac39-462f-8115-fada54d8f780\",\"mappingType\":\"map\",\"localPath\":\"\\\\\"},{\"serverPath\":\"$/d0942daa-ac39-462f-8115-fada54d8f780/Drops\",\"mappingType\":\"cloak\",\"localPath\":\"\\\\\"}]}"},"id":"$/","type":"TfsVersionControl","name":"d0942daa-ac39-462f-8115-fada54d8f780","url":"http://dustin-pc:8181/tfs/DefaultCollection/","defaultBranch":"$/d0942daa-ac39-462f-8115-fada54d8f780","rootFolder":"$/d0942daa-ac39-462f-8115-fada54d8f780","clean":"false","checkoutSubmodules":false}  NULL    [{"enabled":false,"continueOnError":false,"alwaysRun":false,"displayName":"NuGet restore Audit360.Server.sln","task":{"id":"333b11bd-d341-40d9-afcf-b32d5ce6f23b","versionSpec":"*"},"inputs":{"solution":"Audit360.Server.sln","nugetConfigPath":"$/d0942daa-ac39-462f-8115-fada54d8f780/nuget.config","noCache":"false","nuGetRestoreArgs":"","nuGetPath":""}},{"enabled":false,"continueOnError":false,"alwaysRun":false,"displayName":"NuGet restore Audit360.SilverlightBuild.sln","task":{"id":"333b11bd-d341-40d9-afcf-b32d5ce6f23b","versionSpec":"*"},"inputs":{"solution":"Audit360.SilverlightBuild.sln","nugetConfigPath":"","noCache":"false","nuGetRestoreArgs":"","nuGetPath":""}},{"enabled":false,"continueOnError":false,"alwaysRun":false,"displayName":"NuGet restore Audit360.Database.sln","task":{"id":"333b11bd-d341-40d9-afcf-b32d5ce6f23b","versionSpec":"*"},"inputs":{"solution":"Audit360.Database.sln","nugetConfigPath":"","noCache":"false","nuGetRestoreArgs":"","nuGetPath":""}},{"enabled":false,"continueOnError":false,"alwaysRun":false,"displayName":"NuGet restore Audit360.Queue.sln","task":{"id":"333b11bd-d341-40d9-afcf-b32d5ce6f23b","versionSpec":"*"},"inputs":{"solution":"Audit360.Queue.sln","nugetConfigPath":"","noCache":"false","nuGetRestoreArgs":"","nuGetPath":""}},{"enabled":false,"continueOnError":false,"alwaysRun":false,"displayName":"NuGet restore MarketData.Database.sln","task":{"id":"333b11bd-d341-40d9-afcf-b32d5ce6f23b","versionSpec":"*"},"inputs":{"solution":"MarketData.Database.sln","nugetConfigPath":"","noCache":"false","nuGetRestoreArgs":"","nuGetPath":""}},{"enabled":true,"continueOnError":false,"alwaysRun":false,"displayName":"Build solution Audit360.Server.sln","task":{"id":"71a9a2d3-a98a-4caa-96ab-affca411ecda","versionSpec":"*"},"inputs":{"solution":"Audit360.Server.sln","msbuildArgs":"/t:build;publish /p:DeployOnBuild=True /m:1 /p:DeployPrefix=F1","platform":"$(BuildPlatform)","configuration":"$(BuildConfiguration)","clean":"true","restoreNugetPackages":"true","vsVersion":"14.0","msbuildArchitecture":"x86","logProjectEvents":"true"}},{"enabled":false,"continueOnError":false,"alwaysRun":false,"displayName":"Build solution Audit360.SilverlightBuild.sln","task":{"id":"71a9a2d3-a98a-4caa-96ab-affca411ecda","versionSpec":"*"},"inputs":{"solution":"Audit360.SilverlightBuild.sln","msbuildArgs":"","platform":"$(BuildPlatform)","configuration":"$(BuildConfiguration)","clean":"true","restoreNugetPackages":"true","vsVersion":"14.0","msbuildArchitecture":"x86","logProjectEvents":"true"}},{"enabled":false,"continueOnError":false,"alwaysRun":false,"displayName":"Build solution Audit360.Database.sln","task":{"id":"71a9a2d3-a98a-4caa-96ab-affca411ecda","versionSpec":"*"},"inputs":{"solution":"Audit360.Database.sln","msbuildArgs":"","platform":"$(BuildPlatform)","configuration":"$(BuildConfiguration)","clean":"true","restoreNugetPackages":"true","vsVersion":"14.0","msbuildArchitecture":"x86","logProjectEvents":"true"}},{"enabled":false,"continueOnError":false,"alwaysRun":false,"displayName":"Build solution Audit360.Queue.sln","task":{"id":"71a9a2d3-a98a-4caa-96ab-affca411ecda","versionSpec":"*"},"inputs":{"solution":"Audit360.Queue.sln","msbuildArgs":"","platform":"$(BuildPlatform)","configuration":"$(BuildConfiguration)","clean":"true","restoreNugetPackages":"true","vsVersion":"14.0","msbuildArchitecture":"x86","logProjectEvents":"true"}},{"enabled":false,"continueOnError":false,"alwaysRun":false,"displayName":"Build solution MarketData.Database.sln","task":{"id":"71a9a2d3-a98a-4caa-96ab-affca411ecda","versionSpec":"*"},"inputs":{"solution":"MarketData.Database.sln","msbuildArgs":"","platform":"$(BuildPlatform)","configuration":"$(BuildConfiguration)","clean":"true","restoreNugetPackages":"true","vsVersion":"14.0","msbuildArchitecture":"x86","logProjectEvents":"true"}},{"enabled":false,"continueOnError":false,"alwaysRun":false,"displayName":"Test Assemblies **\\$(BuildConfiguration)\\*test*.dll;-:**\\obj\\**","task":{"id":"ef087383-ee5e-42c7-9a53-ab56c98420f9","versionSpec":"*"},"inputs":{"testAssembly":"**\\$(BuildConfiguration)\\*test*.dll;-:**\\obj\\**","testFiltercriteria":"","runSettingsFile":"","overrideTestrunParameters":"","codeCoverageEnabled":"false","runInParallel":"false","vsTestVersion":"14.0","pathtoCustomTestAdapters":"","otherConsoleOptions":"","testRunTitle":"","platform":"$(BuildPlatform)","configuration":"$(BuildConfiguration)","publishRunAttachments":"true"}},{"enabled":false,"continueOnError":true,"alwaysRun":false,"displayName":"Publish symbols path: ","task":{"id":"0675668a-7bba-4ccb-901d-5ad6554ca653","versionSpec":"*"},"inputs":{"SymbolsPath":"","SearchPattern":"**\\bin\\**\\*.pdb","SymbolsFolder":"","SkipIndexing":"false","TreatNotIndexedAsWarning":"false","SymbolsMaximumWaitTime":"","SymbolsProduct":"","SymbolsVersion":"","SymbolsArtifactName":"Symbols_$(BuildConfiguration)"}},{"enabled":false,"continueOnError":false,"alwaysRun":true,"displayName":"Copy Files to: $(build.artifactstagingdirectory)","task":{"id":"5bfb729a-a7c8-4a78-a7c3-8d717bb7c13c","versionSpec":"*"},"inputs":{"SourceFolder":"$(build.sourcesdirectory)","Contents":"**\\bin\\$(BuildConfiguration)\\**","TargetFolder":"$(build.artifactstagingdirectory)","CleanTargetFolder":"false","OverWrite":"false"}},{"enabled":false,"continueOnError":false,"alwaysRun":true,"displayName":"Publish Artifact: drop","task":{"id":"2ff763a7-ce83-4e1f-bc89-0ae63477cebe","versionSpec":"*"},"inputs":{"PathtoPublish":"$(build.artifactstagingdirectory)","ArtifactName":"drop","ArtifactType":"Container","TargetPath":"\\\\my\\share\\$(Build.DefinitionName)\\$(Build.BuildNumber)"}},{"enabled":false,"continueOnError":false,"alwaysRun":false,"displayName":"Run script $/PwcSimulation/Build/RMPostBuild.cmd","task":{"id":"bfc8bf76-e7ac-4a8c-9a55-a944a9f632fd","versionSpec":"*"},"inputs":{"filename":"$/d0942daa-ac39-462f-8115-fada54d8f780/Build/RMPostBuild.cmd","arguments":"/C:FB /E:F1","modifyEnvironment":"false","workingFolder":"","failOnStandardError":"false"}}] {"system.debug":{"value":"false","allowOverride":true},"BuildConfiguration":{"value":"FB","allowOverride":true},"BuildPlatform":{"value":"any cpu","allowOverride":true}}   NULL    [{"branches":["+refs/heads/*"],"artifacts":["build.SourceLabel"],"daysToKeep":10,"minimumToKeep":1,"deleteBuildRecord":true,"deleteTestResults":true}]  0   0

[dbo].[tbl_Workspace]

Appears to describe the workspaces that are currently defined for users, builds, etc..

SELECT looks like:

SELECT TOP 1000 [PartitionId]
      ,[WorkspaceId]
      ,[OwnerId]
      ,[WorkspaceName]
      ,[WorkspaceVersion]
      ,[Type]
      ,[Comment]
      ,[CreationDate]
      ,[Computer]
      ,[PolicyOverrideComment]
      ,[LastAccessDate]
      ,[CheckInNoteId]
      ,[RefreshRecursive]
      ,[HasDeletedChanges]
      ,[SequentialId]
      ,[IsLocal]
      ,[PendingChangeSig]
      ,[FileTime]
      ,[LastMappingsUpdate]
      ,[ProjectNotificationId]
      ,[ItemIdCounter]
      ,[VersionStamp]
  FROM [Tfs_DefaultCollection].[dbo].[tbl_Workspace]

Record looks like :

PartitionId WorkspaceId OwnerId WorkspaceName   WorkspaceVersion    Type    Comment CreationDate    Computer    PolicyOverrideComment   LastAccessDate  CheckInNoteId   RefreshRecursive    HasDeletedChanges   SequentialId    IsLocal PendingChangeSig    FileTime    LastMappingsUpdate  ProjectNotificationId   ItemIdCounter   VersionStamp

1   420000001   65CED833-E406-4B14-BDB2-51590FE7569C    ws_5_1  1   0   Created by Distributed Task - getCode   2016-06-29 03:47:10.363 DUSTIN-PC   NULL    2016-06-29 03:47:10.363 NULL    0   0   22  1   B2140B25-F70A-4B4D-BFB1-184703037010    0   2016-06-29 03:47:10.370 37  -1025   2.00

[dbo].[tbl_WorkingFolder]

This use of this table is unclear. It describes the paths on the disk where the build-processes for each definition are hosted, but they also include a “workspace ID”. This would make sense for individual builds but not for latent build-definitions (workspaces for builds are ephemeral, unless the build fails, and are only created once the build starts). This seems promising for where the mappings for the build directories are stored, except that there appears to be potentially many records for the same build-definitions.

SELECT looks like:

SELECT TOP 1000 [PartitionId]
      ,[WorkspaceId]
      ,[ItemDataspaceId]
      ,[ProjectName]
      ,[ServerItem]
      ,[LocalItem]
      ,[MappingType]
      ,[CreationDate]
      ,[Depth]
  FROM [Tfs_DefaultCollection].[dbo].[tbl_WorkingFolder]

Record looks like:

PartitionId WorkspaceId ItemDataspaceId ProjectName ServerItem  LocalItem   MappingType CreationDate    Depth

1   320000001   21  TestProject $\d67f9d95"2f6c"43f0"aa2f"6f7804fde7db\ C:\tfs>build>agent\>work\1\s\  1   2016-07-01 16:11:07.500 120
1   320000001   21  TestProject $\d67f9d95"2f6c"43f0"aa2f"6f7804fde7db\Drops\   NULL    0   2016-07-01 16:11:07.500 120
1   360000001   21  TestProject $\d67f9d95"2f6c"43f0"aa2f"6f7804fde7db\ C:\tfs>build>agent\>work\3\s\  1   2016-05-24 18:22:09.760 120
1   360000001   21  TestProject $\d67f9d95"2f6c"43f0"aa2f"6f7804fde7db\Drops\   NULL    0   2016-05-24 18:22:09.760 120
1   420000001   21  TestProject $\d67f9d95"2f6c"43f0"aa2f"6f7804fde7db\ C:\tfs>build>agent\>work\5\s\  1   2016-06-29 03:47:10.363 120
1   420000001   21  TestProject $\d67f9d95"2f6c"43f0"aa2f"6f7804fde7db\Drops\   NULL    0   2016-06-29 03:47:10.363 120

[dbo].[tbl_WorkingFolderHistory]

The purpose of this table is completely unclear, though it includes build location paths (just like WorkingFolder).

SELECT looks like:

SELECT TOP 1000 [PartitionId]
      ,[WorkspaceId]
      ,[ItemDataspaceId]
      ,[ServerItem]
      ,[LocalItem]
      ,[Active]
  FROM [Tfs_DefaultCollection].[dbo].[tbl_WorkingFolderHistory]

Record looks like:

PartitionId WorkspaceId ItemDataspaceId ServerItem  LocalItem   Active

1   320000001   21  $\d67f9d95"2f6c"43f0"aa2f"6f7804fde7db\ C:\tfs>build>agent\>work\1\s\  1
1   320000001   21  $\d67f9d95"2f6c"43f0"aa2f"6f7804fde7db\Drops\   C:\tfs>build>agent\>work\1\s\Drops\    0
1   360000001   21  $\d67f9d95"2f6c"43f0"aa2f"6f7804fde7db\ C:\tfs>build>agent\>work\3\s\  1
1   400000001   31  $\d0942daa"ac39"462f"8115"fada54d8f780\ C:\tfs>build>agent\>work\7\s\  0
1   400000001   31  $\d0942daa"ac39"462f"8115"fada54d8f780\Drops\   C:\tfs>build>agent\>work\7\s\Drops\    0
1   420000001   21  $\d67f9d95"2f6c"43f0"aa2f"6f7804fde7db\ C:\tfs>build>agent\>work\5\s\  1
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SQLite as an Archive (or an Easy, Compressed Filesystem)

The sqlar project was an experiment to test the practicality of a SQLite archive format by the lead SQLite developer. I say “was” because, like sqlite, it seldom needs modification and appears to be stable.

What makes it fun is that the result is not internalized and inaccessible. Rather, it’s an intact SQLite database that you can readily inspect from the SQLite client. Therefore, the compression is per-blob and the purpose of the tool is merely to make it convenient to add records corresponding to files. The reverse should be true as well: if you create a sqlite DB and populate it with zlib-compressed data, you should simply be able to dump it using the sqlar tool.

To test sqlar out, either checkout or download a copy of the source (which embeds SQLite within it). You may download it here: SQLite Archiver.

Extract it and build:

$ mkdir sqlar
$ cd sqlar/
$ tar xzf ../sqlar-src-15adeb2f9a.tar.gz 
$ cd sqlar-src-15adeb2f9a/

$ make
gcc -g -I. -D_FILE_OFFSET_BITS=64 -Wall -Werror -c sqlite3.c -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 -DSQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION sqlite3.c
gcc -g -I. -D_FILE_OFFSET_BITS=64 -Wall -Werror -o sqlar sqlar.c sqlite3.o -lz

Run a test:

$ mkdir test_root
$ echo "test1" > test_root/test1
$ echo "test2" > test_root/test2
$ echo "test3" > test_root/test3

$ ./sqlar -v test_root.sqlar test_root
  added: test_root
  added: test_root/test1
  added: test_root/test3
  added: test_root/test2

$ mkdir output
$ cd output/

$ ../sqlar -x -v ../test_root.sqlar 
test_root
test_root/test1
test_root/test3
test_root/test2

Visually inspect the database file:

$ cd ..

$ sqlite3 test_root.sqlar 
SQLite version 3.8.2 2013-12-06 14:53:30
Enter ".help" for instructions
Enter SQL statements terminated with a ";"

sqlite> .schema
CREATE TABLE sqlar(
  name TEXT PRIMARY KEY,
  mode INT,
  mtime INT,
  sz INT,
  data BLOB
);

sqlite> select * from sqlar;
test_root|16893|1455064403|0|
test_root/test1|33204|1455064393|6|test1

test_root/test3|33204|1455064403|6|test3

test_root/test2|33204|1455064399|6|test2

sqlite> 

Notice that no compression was performed because the files are so trivial. zlib is used for compression every time unless you explicitly turn it off using “-n”.

You can also mount the archive using FUSE:

$ # This requires libfuse-dev to be installed.
$ make sqlarfs
gcc -g -I. -D_FILE_OFFSET_BITS=64 -Wall -Werror -o sqlarfs sqlarfs.c sqlite3.o -lz -lfuse
$ mkdir mount
$ ./sqlarfs test_root.sqlar `pwd`/mount

In another terminal, list the contents:

$ ls -l
total 0
dr-xr-xr-x 1 dustin dustin 0 Feb  9 19:51 test_root

$ cd test_root/

$ ls -l
total 0
-r--r--r-- 1 dustin dustin   6 Feb  9 19:33 test1
-r--r--r-- 1 dustin dustin   6 Feb  9 19:33 test2
-r--r--r-- 1 dustin dustin   6 Feb  9 19:33 test3
-r--r--r-- 1 dustin dustin 576 Feb  9 19:51 test4

$ cat test4 
Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry. Lorem Ipsum has been the industry's standard dummy text ever since the 1500s, when an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book. It has survived not only five centuries, but also the leap into electronic typesetting, remaining essentially unchanged. It was popularised in the 1960s with the release of Letraset sheets containing Lorem Ipsum passages, and more recently with desktop publishing software like Aldus PageMaker including versions of Lorem Ipsum.

This was a later version of our earlier archive where I added a highly compressible text-file (test4).

It’s a fun little tool.

Retrieving Multiple Result-Sets from SQLAlchemy

SQLAlchemy is a great Python-based database client, but, traditionally, it leaves you stuck when it comes to stored-procedures that return more than one dataset. This means that you’d have to either call separate queries or merge multiple datasets into one large, unnatural one. However, there is a way to read multiple datasets but it requires accessing the raw MySQL layer (which isn’t too bad).

This is the test-routine:

delimiter //

CREATE PROCEDURE `get_sets`()
BEGIN
    SELECT
        'value1' `series1_col1`,
        'value2' `series1_col2`;

    SELECT
        'value3' `series2_col1`,
        'value4' `series2_col2`;

    SELECT
        'value5' `series3_col1`,
        'value6' `series3_col2`;
END//

delimiter ;

The code:

import json

import sqlalchemy.pool

def _run_query(connection, query, parameters={}):
    sets = []

    try:
        cursor = connection.cursor()

        cursor.execute(query, parameters)

        while 1:
            #(column_name, type_, ignore_, ignore_, ignore_, null_ok, column_flags)
            names = [c[0] for c in cursor.description]

            set_ = []
            while 1:
                row_raw = cursor.fetchone()
                if row_raw is None:
                    break

                row = dict(zip(names, row_raw))
                set_.append(row)

            sets.append(list(set_))

            if cursor.nextset() is None:
                break

            # nextset() doesn't seem to be sufficiant to tell the end.
            if cursor.description is None:
                break
    finally:
        # Return the connection to the pool (won't actually close).
        connection.close()

    return sets

def _pretty_json_dumps(data):
    return json.dumps(
            data,
            sort_keys=True,
            indent=4, 
            separators=(',', ': ')) + "\n"

def _main():
    dsn = 'mysql+mysqldb://root:root@localhost:3306/test_database'

    engine = sqlalchemy.create_engine(
                dsn, 
                pool_recycle=7200,
                poolclass=sqlalchemy.pool.NullPool)

    # Grab a raw connection from the connection-pool.
    connection = engine.raw_connection()

    query = 'CALL get_sets()'
    sets = _run_query(connection, query)

    print(_pretty_json_dumps(sets))

if __name__ == '__main__':
    _main()

The output:

[
    [
        {
            "series1_col1": "value1",
            "series1_col2": "value2"
        }
    ],
    [
        {
            "series2_col1": "value3",
            "series2_col2": "value4"
        }
    ],
    [
        {
            "series3_col1": "value5",
            "series3_col2": "value6"
        }
    ]
]

Things to observe in the example:

  • The query parameters are still escaped (our parameters have spaces in them), even though we have to use classic Python string-substitution formatting with the raw connection-objects.
  • It’s up to us to extract the column-names from the cursor for each dataset.
  • The resulting datasets can’t be captured as generators, as they have to be read entirely before jumping to the next dataset. Technically, you can yield each dataset, but this has almost no usefulness since you’d rarely be required need to read through them sequentially and you’d only benefit if there were a large number of datasets.
  • The raw_connection() method claims a connection from the pool, and its close() method will return it to the pool without actually closing it.
  • I added pool_recycle for good measure. This is an enormous pain to have to deal with, if you’re new to SA and your connections keep “going away” because MySQL is closing them before SA can recycle them.

REFERENCE: Multiple Result Sets