Go: Functions that satisfy interfaces

I ran across this while sifting through the http package:

// The HandlerFunc type is an adapter to allow the use of
// ordinary functions as HTTP handlers. If f is a function
// with the appropriate signature, HandlerFunc(f) is a
// Handler that calls f.
type HandlerFunc func(ResponseWriter, *Request)

// ServeHTTP calls f(w, r).
func (f HandlerFunc) ServeHTTP(w ResponseWriter, r *Request) {
    f(w, r)

A function that satisfies http.HandlerFunc will also automatically get a function-on-a-function (who knew) that makes it look like a struct that satisfies the http.Handler interface as well.

I had looked for a footnote about this in the section on function declarations in the Go language specification but was not successful. The receiver is little more than just a repositioned first-argument. There’s nothing that says “MUST be a struct or a func”.


Git: Get the Latest Commits in a Repository

Sometimes you have a large repository (many commits, many branches) and it either might be an old clone or you might be operating out of a secondary branch and not aware of which branch has the majority of activity. You can do a git-log that displays all commits without respect to the current branch and order them by parents before children, in descending commit-timestamp (as opposed to author-timestamp) order.

This prints the top five:

$ git log -5 --all --date-order

Chrome at the Command-Line to Dump Website Structure

You can use Chrome to dump the DOM, PDF, or screenshot of a webpage, or do a number of other cool things:


Open a website in a Chrome process headless-mode, which you can then query from a client process or another browser:

$ chrome --headless --disable-gpu --remote-debugging-port=9222 https://www.chromestatus.com

Print the site HTML:

$ chrome --headless --disable-gpu --dump-dom https://www.chromestatus.com

Capture a PDF:

$ chrome --headless --disable-gpu --print-to-pdf https://www.chromestatus.com

Capture a PNG screenshot:

$ chrome --headless --disable-gpu --screenshot https://www.chromestatus.com

Open a REPL console in which to run JavaScript expressions against the DOM:

$ chrome --headless --disable-gpu --repl https://www.chromestatus.com

Listing Available Package Versions in Ubuntu: The “Madison” Subcommand

There is an unlisted subcommand to apt-cache called “madison”. This will simply list all available versions:

$ apt-cache madison git
git | 1:2.11.0-2~ppa0~ubuntu14.04.1 | http://ppa.launchpad.net/git-core/ppa/ubuntu/ trusty/main amd64 Packages
git | 1:1.9.1-1ubuntu0.3 | http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ trusty-updates/main amd64 Packages
git | 1:1.9.1-1ubuntu0.3 | http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ trusty-security/main amd64 Packages
git | 1:1.9.1-1 | http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ trusty/main amd64 Packages
git | 1:1.9.1-1 | http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ trusty/main Sources
git | 1:1.9.1-1ubuntu0.3 | http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ trusty-updates/main Sources
git | 1:1.9.1-1ubuntu0.3 | http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ trusty-security/main Sources

In all likelihood this will work under Debian, too.